How Braces Work

How Braces Work 1

The Basics of Braces

When it comes to orthodontic treatment, braces are one of the most common options. Braces are devices made up of brackets, wires, and bands that are used to gradually correct and align teeth. They work by applying gentle pressure to the teeth, which helps move them into the desired position over time. Braces can address a variety of dental issues, including crooked teeth, overcrowded teeth, misaligned bites, and gaps between teeth.

Components of Braces

Braces consist of several components that work together to straighten the teeth:

  • Brackets: These small, square-shaped pieces are attached to the front surface of each tooth using a special dental adhesive. They serve as anchors for the wires.
  • Wires: Thin, flexible metal wires are threaded through the brackets and apply pressure to the teeth. Orthodontists adjust the wires periodically to guide the teeth into the correct position.
  • Bands: In some cases, orthodontists may use bands around the molars to provide additional support for the braces.
  • Elastics: Sometimes called rubber bands, elastics are used to correct the alignment of the upper and lower jaws.
  • Today, braces come in various materials, including metal, ceramic, and clear aligners. Metal braces are the traditional option, known for their durability and effectiveness. Ceramic braces are less noticeable because they blend in with the natural tooth color. Clear aligners are a newer option that uses a series of removable trays to gradually align the teeth.

    How Braces Work

    Braces work by exerting a constant force on the teeth, which stimulates the bone surrounding them to remodel and allow the teeth to move. The wires, brackets, and elastics work together to create this force. When pressure is placed on a tooth, the bone on one side of the tooth is compressed, while the bone on the other side is stretched. Over time, this stimulates the bone cells to dissolve and rebuild, allowing the tooth to move into the desired position.

    Orthodontists will periodically adjust the wires to maintain an optimal level of pressure. These adjustments ensure that the teeth continue to move in the right direction and at the desired pace. The process of adjusting the wires may cause some discomfort, but it is necessary to achieve the desired results.

    The Length of Treatment

    The length of braces treatment can vary depending on the severity of the dental issues and the desired outcome. In general, most people wear braces for one to three years. However, some cases may require a longer treatment period.

    During the treatment, patients will have regular appointments with their orthodontist. These appointments are typically scheduled every six to eight weeks. At each appointment, the orthodontist will make adjustments to the wires and evaluate the progress.

    Maintaining Oral Hygiene with Braces

    Proper oral hygiene is crucial when wearing braces to avoid dental problems, such as tooth decay and gum disease. Food particles can easily get trapped in the braces, making it essential to brush and floss thoroughly after each meal. Specialized tools, such as interdental brushes and floss threaders, can help clean hard-to-reach areas.

    Orthodontists may also recommend avoiding certain foods that can damage the braces, such as sticky candies, hard nuts, and chewing gum. It is important to follow these guidelines to prevent any complications and ensure the treatment progresses smoothly.

    After Braces

    After the braces are removed, a retainer is usually worn to help maintain the new position of the teeth. Retainers can be removable or fixed, and it’s important to follow the orthodontist’s instructions on wearing and caring for the retainer.

    It is also crucial to continue with regular dental check-ups and cleanings to keep the teeth and gums healthy. Maintaining good oral hygiene habits will help preserve the results of the braces treatment for years to come.

    In conclusion, braces are an effective orthodontic treatment that can address a variety of dental issues. By understanding how braces work and following proper oral hygiene practices, individuals can achieve a straighter, healthier smile. Gain further insights about the subject using this recommended external source. Orthodontist Dubai, extra details and fresh viewpoints on the topic discussed in this article.

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